*FM Headquarters. Department of the Anny. Washington. DC. 28 September INTELLIGENCE INTERROGATION. Table of Contents. Page. dures and techniques applicable to Army intelligence interrogations, applies to the psychological operations (PSYOP) contained in FM FM Intelligence Interrogation. Chapter 3. Interrogation Process. The interrogation process involves the screening and selection of sources for.
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FM Intelligence Interrogation – Chapter 3
Methods of Interpretation During the planning and preparation phase, the interrogator selects a method of interpretation. At this time, the source is returned to the control of the guards, and the screener records his assessment on the screening report form.
Uses a proper, logical sequence of top ics or questions. Leading questions are generally avoided during interrogations, but they can be used by experienced interrogators to verify information. Any source whose appearance or behavior indicates that he is willing to talk should be noted by the screeners.
Some circumstances that require an interrogation to be terminated are- The source remains uncooperative throughout the approach phase. He completes the termination phase by instructing the escort guard to return the source to the holding compound and to keep him away from any sources who have not yet been interrogated.
An interrogator must be able to identify such circumstances as soon as they occur. Remember that the approaches chosen in planning and preparation are only tentative and are based on the sometimes scanty information available from documents, the guards, and personal observation. Establish a destination common point of reference DCPR. Whether written or oral, the interrogation plan must contain at least the following items of information: Transitions can also be smoothly covered by leaving the unsuccessful approach and going back to nonpertinent questions.
Interrogation is the art of questioning and examining a source to obtain the maximum amount of usable information. The aim of any interrogation is to obtain information which will help satisfy a commander’s intelligence requirements. His initial training is in foreign language, and his entry? The lack of will undoubtedly dooms it to failure. The interrogator should appear to be the one who controls all aspects of the interrogation to include the lighting, heating, and configuration of the interrogation room, as well as the food, shelter, and clothing given to the source.
Conduct of interrogation in that the interpreter should inform the interrogator if there are any inconsistencies in the language used by the source. An interrogation with an interpreter will go through all five phases of the interrogation process. These authorizations were highly controversial, particularly in the wake of the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal.
The display of impatience may cause the source to lose respect for unterrogation interrogator, thereby, reducing his effectiveness. These methods may be used separately or in combination with each other: Based on their notes, the screeners establish the order in which these sources will be screened.
The use of repeated questions may develop a topic that the source had refused to talk about earlier. The interrogator must always be in control, he must act quickly and firmly. He may also assist in transliterating, translating, and explaining foreign terms. With the exception of the direct approach, no other approach is effective by itself. Army announced the publication of Field Manual FM Correct performance of this task results in the map used by the interrogator.
The interrogator should never argue with the interpreter in the presence of the source.
FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation
Each sequence establishes a CPR. The source may or may not be aware that he is actually providing the interrogator with information about enemy forces. An interrogator who becomes easily discouraged by opposition, non-cooperation, or other difficulties will neither aggressively pursue the objective to a successful conclusion nor seek leads to other valuable information. Neutral and Nonpartisan A neutral and nonpartisan source is cooperative to a limited degree.
The evaluation must cover the same points of information that the interrogator received from the senior interrogator.
During the questioning phase, OB elements assist the interrogator in verifying the accuracy of the information obtained and can be used as an effective tool to gain new information. Establish and maintain rapport between the interrogator and the source. A careful assessment of the source is absolutely necessary to avoid wasting valuable time in the approach phase. A successful interrogation produces needed information which is timely, complete, clear, and accurate.
Furthermore, his map reading skills are essential to translate information into map terminology from sources who cannot read a map. It is possible to lose control and the source’s willing cooperation by devoting too much of his concentration to note taking.
If, for example, the interrogator had chosen a love of comrades approach, he should ask the source questions 344-52 “How did you get along with your fellow squad members?
Helping the source to rationalize his guilt. Since the guards are in constant contact with the source, they can provide the information on the source’s behavior.
In addition, the screener should examine the documents to determine if the source has information intsrrogation answers the supported commander’s PIR and IR. Nonpertinent questions are used to conceal the interrogation’s objectives or to strengthen rapport with the source.
Place names, numbers, and other pertinent, detailed information may be unclear on the recording. They may be incomplete, “blanket” or otherwise nonspecific, and create doubt in the source’s mind. This may cause him to miss leads or fail to detect losses in rapport or control that are detectable only through clues provided by the source’s behavior.
With the simultaneous interrogatiln, the interpreter iintelligence and translates at the same time as the person for whom intelkigence is interpreting, usually just a phrase or a few words behind. The number “3” represents a source who does not respond to questioning. The interrogator reinforces his successful approach techniques to facilitate future interrogations.
By using nonpertinent conversation, the interrogator can more easily move the conversation in the desired direction, and as previously stated, interrogatkon obtain leads and hints as to source’s stresses or weaknesses or other approach strategies that may be more successful. The letter “B” represents a source who might have information pertinent to the supported commander’s IR. Two are listed below and their advantages and disadvantages are described.